The Auto Test or HIV Self Test
In Italy, is available at the pharmacy (medical prescription is not required) a quick-response disposable screening test for anti-HIV-1 and / or anti-HIV-2 antibodies, allowing results in 15 minutes: Autotest HIV is an exam that can be performed on a still of blood because, in case of infection, it contains anti-HIV IgG and IgM antibodies.
This third-generation test is reliable if performed 3 months after the last risk behavior and works by detecting the presence of anti-HIV-1 and HIV-2 IgG and IgM antibodies by drawing blood from the fingertip.
The novelty of this test is to give people who have difficulty accessing a public health facility the opportunity to self-administer the test in a private environment.
The test consists of a solid support where the tube with which the drop of blood is collected is inserted, as well as a safety scalpel to pierce the skin with a needle.
Contents of the Auto Test Kit or Self Test
The test is NON-REACTIVE or NEGATIVE when only the control band appears.
It means that there are no antibodies against HIV in the blood.
The test is REACTIVE or POSITIVE when two bands appear, the control and the Test bands. It means that there are antibodies against HIV in the blood that can indicate the state of infection.
In any case to have the definitive diagnosis of the infection a blood test with ELISA and Western Blot methods is however indicated.
The test is NOT VALID when no band appears. In this case the test must be repeated using a new kit or by going to a public center, where the HIV test is carried out anonymously and free of charge.