HIV/AIDS

What’s this?

 

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a disease caused by the HIV virus and consists in the reduction of the body’s defenses.

 

How does it manifest itself?

 

It can stay for years without any sign (but it can also infect the partner) or manifest with symptoms of different severity.

 

How is it transmitted?

 

√ Unprotected sexual relations (vaginal, anal, or genital) with infected people;
√ Blood: exchange of infected syringes, instruments for tattoos and piercings contaminated with infected blood, common use of contaminated objects (razors, scissors, toothbrush, etc.);
√ From an infected mother to a child (during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding).

 

How it is not transmitted:

 

√ with handshakes, kisses, hugs, bites, scratches;
√ saliva, cough, tears, sweat, urine, faeces;
√ plates, glasses, cutlery;
√ toilets, showers, swimming pools, saunas, gyms.

 

Diagnosis

 

The HIV antibody test can be performed 3 months after the last risk behavior.

Treatment

 

Antiviral therapy is currently quite effective in controlling infection and should be continued throughout life.